Indonesia was very famous with the spices. The spices made Portuguese and Dutch wanted to colonize us long ago. The Dutch successfully made Portuguese retreat, and then conquered the spices and herbs in Indonesia. The longest colonization is by Dutch. It’s about 3, 5 centuries. So, no wonder if some aspects still influence Indonesia now, especially in our Law and language.
In 1942, came Japanese. Japan bombed Tarakan, as the largest Dutch oil refinery in Indonesia. After that, they continued attacking some area in Indonesia and finally forced Dutch to give all their power in Indonesia to Japan.
Until the tragedy of the bombed city in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan surrendered to the alliance. In 16 August 1945 the young men pushed Koesno Sosrodihardjo , well-known as Sukarno, and Mohammad Hatta to announced the independency of Indonesia. They did it in 17 August 1945, after a long and hard discussion. Because formerly, old men wanted to wait Japan government gave the independence to Indonesia (as they promised Indonesian to give independence before), while young men wanted them to proclaimed it as soon as possible. Now, every year in August 17, Indonesian celebrates their independence day.[aci,cel]